Two Types of Electric Motors in Tesla: You Need To Know

Electric Motor in Tesla Models

Attention all-electric car enthusiasts! Have you ever wondered what kind of electric motors in Tesla? Understanding the technology that drives these innovative vehicles can deepen your appreciation for their performance and efficiency.

In this blog post, we’ll delve into the specific types of Tesla motors, explain how they work, and compare their benefits. You’ll also learn about Tesla’s innovative developments and what the future holds for their motor technology. By the end, you’ll have a comprehensive understanding of why Tesla’s electric motors are key to their success in the electric vehicle industry.

Types of Electric Motors in Tesla

Understanding the types of electric motors in Tesla vehicles is essential for appreciating their performance and efficiency. Tesla primarily uses two types of motors: AC Induction Motors and Permanent Magnet Motors.

AC Induction Motors

AC Induction Motors are known for their robustness and simplicity. They operate by inducing an electric current in the rotor through electromagnetic induction from the stator’s magnetic field, creating torque.

induction asynchtonous motor in Tesla

Features:

Electromagnetic Induction: Utilizes electromagnetic induction to create rotational motion.

No Permanent Magnets: Relies on the interaction between the rotor and the stator’s magnetic field.

Durability: Known for their robustness and longevity.

Variable Speed Control: Excellent for applications requiring variable speed and high torque.

Efficiency: Slightly less efficient compared to Permanent Magnet Motors but offers good performance under various conditions.

Permanent Magnet Motors

The permanent magnet motor is one type of electric motors in Tesla. It utilizes magnets embedded in the rotor, offering higher efficiency and power density compared to AC Induction Motors. These motors generate constant magnetic fields, reducing energy loss and improving performance.

Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors in Tesla

Features:

Permanent Magnets: Uses permanent magnets in the rotor, reducing the need for an external magnetic field.

High Efficiency: Generally more efficient than AC Induction Motors, especially at lower speeds.

Compact Design: Smaller and lighter due to the absence of components needed to generate the magnetic field.

High Torque Density: Provides high torque density, which is ideal for quick acceleration.

Thermal Management: Better thermal efficiency, reducing the need for extensive cooling systems.

Tesla strategically employs these motors across its range to balance performance, efficiency, and cost, ensuring optimal driving experiences for different models. For electric vehicles, there are four types of common motors in EV, click here to learn more.

Motors Used in Tesla Models

Tesla employs advanced motor technology across its vehicle lineup to optimize performance and efficiency.

The Tesla Model S, Model S Plaid, Model X, and Model X Plaid feature AC Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors. These motors are liquid-cooled and equipped with a variable frequency drive for both the front and rear motors, providing exceptional power and efficiency.

The Tesla Model 3 and Model Y use a combination of motor types. The front axle utilizes an induction asynchronous motor (induction motor), while the rear axle is equipped with a permanent magnet synchronous motor. This hybrid approach allows for enhanced efficiency and performance, making these models versatile and capable in various driving conditions.

Comparison of AC Induction Motor and Permanent Magnet Motor in Tesla

Performance Comparison: AC Induction Motors excel in delivering robust performance and high torque, especially at low speeds. They are well-suited for dynamic driving experiences and provide strong acceleration. Permanent Magnet Motors, on the other hand, offer superior torque and power density, enhancing overall vehicle performance, particularly in higher-speed scenarios.

Efficiency Comparison: Permanent Magnet Motors are generally more efficient than AC Induction Motors. They minimize energy loss through constant magnetic fields, leading to better battery utilization and longer range. AC Induction Motors, while efficient, tend to lose more energy through heat and electromagnetic losses.

Tesla Flat Wire Motor

In 2021, from Model 3 to Model Y, Tesla completed the switch from round wire motor to flat wire motor through 3D6. When Model Y is equipped with a flat wire motor, the motor volume and power density are optimized. The advantage of a flat wire motor is that the power density is large and the cost is also reduced.

Flat wire winding

Tesla’s third-generation electric drive versions:

(1) 3D1: 202kW/17000rpm/404Nm, permanent magnet synchronous, oil-cooled, round wire, 3D1 is used for the early imported version of the Model 3/Y standard endurance version.

(2) 3D3: 137kW/17000rpm/219Nm, AC asynchronous, oil-cooled, round wire, 3D3 is a front-wheel drive, used on the front axle of all Model 3/Y four-wheel drive and high-performance versions.

(3) 3D5: 180kW/17000rpm/326Nm, permanent magnet synchronous, oil-cooled, round wire, used for the rear-wheel drive long-range version of Model 3, now discontinued.

(4) 3D6: 220kW/19000rpm/440Nm, permanent magnet synchronous, oil-cooled, flat wire, is Tesla’s first flat wire motor, commonly seen in the early Chinese standard version of Model 3/Y.

(5) 3D7: 194kw/19000rpm/340Nm, permanent magnet synchronous, oil-cooled, flat wire, 3D7 corresponds to the Chinese rear-wheel drive version of the current Model 3/Y, and is currently the best-selling model.

Tesla’s fourth-generation electric drive system

In mid-October 2023, Tesla launched two new motors, 4D1 and 4D3. These two motors are Tesla’s latest fourth-generation motor units, which have actually been used in the North American market before. At present, the 4D1 motor has been installed on the latest American version of the Model Y. Of course, the Tesla Model Y in the store showroom and being delivered still uses the 3D6 and 3D7 motor versions.

The facelifted Model 3 is expected to be equipped with the fourth-generation electric drive code-named 4D1 and 4D5. There are currently two models that have been exposed, namely the performance-oriented 4D1 and the home-oriented Chinese-made 4D5.

The fourth-generation motor uses Hair-Pin flat wire windings. The difference is that the new generation of products uses an 8-layer winding design per slot, while the previous generation uses a 10-layer winding design, which is lower in cost and higher in speed.

The main improvements of the fourth-generation electric drive are:

(1) No longer use bleeder resistors (it is possible to use motor windings to discharge bus capacitance)

(2) Use local isolated bias to power the gate driver circuit to reduce noise and gate drive crosstalk

(3) Use integrated fluxgate current detection circuits (to reduce size and cost)

(4) Use pillar drive actuators to disconnect the motor windings when the SiC MOSFET is short-circuited

Conclusion

Tesla’s use of AC Induction Motors and Permanent Magnet Motors exemplifies their commitment to performance and efficiency. The robust AC Induction Motors in the front motor of Model 3 and Model Y provide dynamic driving experiences, while the efficient Permanent Magnet Motors in the Model S and Model X enhance range and performance. These innovations have significantly impacted the EV industry, setting new standards for electric vehicle capabilities and efficiency.

If you are a motor manufacturer and are currently looking for a reliable Chinese motor core manufacturer, please contact us today. We are a professional manufacturer and supplier of motor stator stacks and rotor stacks and can manufacture all kinds of motors for electric vehicles.

Flat Wire Winding in EV Motors

Why Use Flat Wire Winding in EV Motors?

Flat wire motor is a new type of drive motor. Its wire is flat instead of round. But it is not a new thing. It has appeared in the industrial field decades ago. However, the use of flat wire motors in new energy vehicles has only been in recent years. So, how does the flat wire motor work? How does it achieve those advantages? Next, this article will introduce the flat wire motor in detail from multiple aspects.
Electric Motor in Tesla Models

Two Types of Electric Motors in Tesla: You Need To Know

Attention all-electric car enthusiasts! Have you ever wondered what kind of electric motors in Tesla? Understanding the technology that drives these innovative vehicles can deepen your appreciation for their performance and efficiency. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the specific types of Tesla motors, explain how they work, and compare their benefits.
Top 10 Drone Companies in 2024

Top 10 Drone Companies in 2024

Are you curious about the top drone companies leading the industry in 2024? With rapid advancements in technology and growing demand, knowing the best Companies can help you make informed decisions.
DC Motors for Drones and UAVs

Different Types of DC Motors for Drones and UAVs

Have you ever wondered what makes drones zoom through the skies with such precision and agility? It's all in the motors, my friends. This post is your golden ticket to understanding the world of DC motors for drones and UAVs. From the hummingbird-like maneuvers of tiny quadcopters to the steadfast hover of industrial UAVs, we're diving deep into the heart of these machines.